Understanding Cause Of Action In Personal Injury Claims

The laws governing a personal injury claim is included under tort law. The definition of tort law is the area of law that protects the individual from the bad or negligent acts of other persons. The primary purpose for personal injury law is to compensate for damages incurred by the injured party and to act as a deterrent to others who commit the same acts.

When Can You Seek Cause of Action

Florida law allows injured victims to file a personal injury lawsuit if the accident they were in resulted in serious injury to them. Serious injury is defined under Florida law as the following:

● Significant and permanent scarring and disfigurement
● Significant and permanent loss of body functioning
● Permanent injury
● Death

You and your attorney must have a set of facts or legal theory that supports your claim if you plan to seek legal action against the at fault driver. These facts and legal theory are referred to as “cause of action”. If the cause of action is found to be true, you will be entitled to collect recovery by a Florida Court of Law.

How Is Cause Of Action Defined?

To succeed on a cause of action, the plaintiff, which is you, will have to prove each set of facts that will support your claim. Called “elements” these facts often overlap each other. Most personal injury cases center around the at fault driver’s negligence. Negligence has four elements that must be demonstrated in order for you to recover damages on your claim.

● Duty: It is a duty or responsibility that a person has for the safety of another. This may be determined by law, or as a result of a standard of reasonable care. For example, it is a duty to drive the speed limit so as not to endanger other drivers.
● Breach of Duty: One of the most important elements to prove; breach of duty is when you demonstrate the person you are suing (defendant) did not practice reasonable care. An example of this is if the driver who hit you ran a red light.
● Causation: The breach of duty by the defendant is what caused the damages incurred by the plaintiff.
● Damage: An actual injury must be present.
●  When you, the plaintiff proves a cause of action successfully, then the defendant will be held liable for all damages.

Damages Covered In A Personal Injury Case

Damages are the degree of the harm you have endured as a result of the accident. You may be entitled to damages that include:

● All medical expenses.
● Future and necessary medical expenses.
● Lost wages as a result of the accident.
● Loss of earning capacity if you cannot work or have to take a lower paying job.
● Damages for permanent disfigurement.
● Property damage.
● Caregivers to perform services you can no longer complete due to your injuries.
● Emotional pain and suffering.
● Loss of consortium for the damages suffered by family members for the injuries or death that was caused by the defendant’s negligence.
● Burial and Funeral Costs.

Contact A Personal Injury Attorney

If you have been injured in an accident and are interested in your legal options when it comes to filing a claim, speak with the team at Justice Pays. Our personal injury attorneys are familiar with the laws in Southwest Florida and can help identify the parties who may be legally liable for your injuries, communicate with the insurance companies, and collect all relevant information related to your case. Then can negotiate a fair settlement for your damages often with the insurance companies to avoid a lengthy court case. Contact us today for a free case review to learn more!


Client Testimonials

Attorney David Goldman has been exceptional in the process of helping me through the case. He has always been easy to reach, whether by phone or email, and has thorough knowledge and explains clearly in depth so you feel safe and confident in your lawyer

I used Michael Babboni and his paralegal, Nicole Moore for a legal matter. They went above and beyond my expectations. During the entire process there was constant communication with both Michael and Nicole. They were extremely organized and on top of my case, which I am very grateful for. Michael truly had my best interests at heart and he was very genuine. I plan on referring Michael to all family and friends and will continue to use him in the future.

I dealt most with Mr. Fernandez. I didn’t know a lot about this process. He took the time to speak with me individually, in person, to explain everything. It was very helpful to actually know and understand the process and what to expect. He closed my case quickly, which was nice that it was not prolonged! I appreciated his hard work and getting me what I felt I deserved after my car accident. I highly recommend him to anyone who needs an honest and reliable lawyer to assist you with your case!

I hired Mr. Walsh after an automobile accident this past March. He and his entire staff were extremely professional. They kept me informed every step of the way and settled my case in a timely manner. Thank you so much for your help.

Get Your Free Case Review

Fill out my online form.

Law Offices Near You

Sarasota Office



3550 S Tamiami Trail, 3rd Floor Sarasota Florida 34239

Bradenton Office



5291 Office Park Blvd. Bradenton Florida 34203

St. Petersburg Office

St. Petersburg


6446 Central Avenue St. Petersburg Florida 33707

Venice Office



3986 S. Tamiami Trail Venice Florida 34293

Englewood Office



2960 S. McCall Rd Englewood Florida 34224

Port Charlotte Office

Port Charlotte


3986 Tamiami Trail Port Charlotte Florida 33952

Arcadia Office



10 South DeSoto Avenue Arcadia Florida 34266

Fort Myers Office

Fort Myers


8359 Beacon Blvd Fort Myers Florida 33907

Lakeland Office



5137 S. Lakeland Dr. Lakeland Florida 33813

Get personal attention from a lawyer with decades of experience.